REVISED: 9/30/08


William Gracey, Niagara Falls NY.

1911 = 1pOB copy of Curtiss with trailing-edge ailerons and monoplane front elevator.

Graflite SEE Lundy-Kotula


W S Burgess Shipyards, Marblehead MA.

Baby 1911 = 1pOB. Claude Grahame-White. POP: 3. Contract manufacture of 1911 Burgess.


George Graham & Charles Perren Jr, Waukesha WI.


1933 = 1pOmwM; 85hp DH Gypsy. No other data on this racer [13620], which was also registered in 1935 as Huggins, but as a 1pCM.


Edward Granville, Springfield MA.

Mono 192? = Unknown type with Genet motor. [944M].


Robert Granville, Springfield MA.

Bee Gee Baby 1948 = 1p CmwM; 85hp Continental C-85. Midget racer Old Needle-Nose [N1303V]; destroyed in testing 1948.

Granville Brothers SEE Gee Bee


(Earl T) Gray & (Birney) Taliaferro, 1815 N Van Ness, Los Angeles CA.

BT-1 1928 = 4pOB; 150 Hisso I; span: 37'0" length: 18'6". POP: 1 [2850] c/n 1. Also seen as [2851] c/n 1, which was "a temporary ID issued erroneously," according to a NASM abstract, and which was cancelled in 1929 and replaced by the lower number.


Shadetree Aviation Inc, Carson City NV.

  Gray Special [N724DG] (William T Larkins]

Special 2002 = Turboprop version of Legend. 2pClwM rg; 657hp Walter M601D (Czech); span: 28'6" length: 25'9" v: 356/334/120 range: 944.

Gray Goose

1930: Gray Goose Airways, Boeing Field, Seattle WA.

This address appears in certain records, and is likely connected with the following Gray Goose, but no satisfying trail can be established, so we treat it as a separate entity until otherwise educated.

Gray Goose

1928: Gray Goose Airways (fdr: Jonathan E Caldwell), Denver CO. 1931: Orangeburg NY and Madison NJ. 1934: 1225 New York Ave NW, Washington DC. 1939: Ended operations.

  Cyclogyro [4308] (magazine clip)

Cyclogyro c.1937 = 1pOM; 7hp Harley-Davidson. POP: 1 ultralight VTOL experiment using minimum power, it was hardly more than a set of wings and a tail mounted on a motorcycle [4308] c/n 1. Originally designed in 1923, articulated slats, connected to the motorcycle, set the heavily-braced wings into a flapping frenzy, but before it got any serious ideas about flying its tail broke off.

  Gray Goose

Windmill Plane c.1936 = Ornithopter type, with four tandem walking beams that opened and closed ten overhead slats, all of this mounted on a ponderous, four-wheeled gondola with an unknown, but seriously large, powerplant. No record of flight was found. This odd bird appears in the video, "Golden Years of Aviation," showing its set of rotating wings on either side of an horizontal axle. It was able to taxi only after being pushed by 10 men, but was never seen flying. Read the intriguing Gray Goose story. SEE ALSO Lewis-American for more knots yet to be untied.

Great Lakes

Great Western

Great Western Airways Inc, Los Angeles CA.

XB-1 1928 = 7pCM; 420hp Lincoln-Liberty 12; span: 50'0" length: 32'0"; ff: 5/25/28(?). [5773]. Crashed at Pico Rivera (CA) on 7/7/28, killing pilot and company vice-pres Howard Blanchard and a passenger. There is a distinct possibility that Blanchard was screenwriter for the aviation film, "The Lone Eagle" (1927), then his writing career ended abruptly there.


Greenapples Aircraft (fdr: L Gale Abels), Boulder CO.

AT-19 1979 = 2pClwM; 180hp Lycoming O-360-A1A;span: 24'4" length: 21'0" load: 715# v: 218/198/58 range: 600; ff: 5/24/79 [N23GA]. Side-by-side cockpit, V-tail, tailwheel.


Dr William Greene.

1901 = 1pOB; span: 40'0". Little information on this craft either built by Green, then treasurer of US Aeronautic Society, other than it had three props—two tractors and one pusher. Obviously unsuccessful at flight or we would have heard about it.


1929: Greene Composite Type Aircraft Corp, 111 Sutter St, San Francisco CA. 1930: 235 Montgomery St.


1929 = No info found on this intriguing sounding creation, if there was such..

Greenleaf SEE Player


Wilmer W Greenwalt (or Greenawalt), Detroit MI.

Burco Sport 1934 = 2pOM; 65hp Velie. [13540] c/n 101.


North Pacific Aircraft Corp (fdrs: Allan D Greenwood & George Yates), Seattle WA.

Bicraft 1935 = 2pClwM rg; two 50hp Menasco M-50. All-wood geodetic basket-weave construction, evolved from Yates Oregon O; tandem seating. Originally had 40hp Continental A-40. POP: 1 [15546], with a few more reportedly built by other individuals. Greenwood is reported in some references as later (c.1940) appearing with Player (qv), another basket-weaver; however there could very well be a journalistic mixup of his name, and presence, with that of Player's president in 1940, John Greenleaf. To furrow more brows, Fall 1962 AAHS Journal tells of a W I Greenleaf, who "backed Mr Stroop [ed: inventor of an 'Arcuate Control System' in 1932] and was one of the first executives in the country to use an airplane in his business travels." An attendant photo shows Mr Greenleaf standing behind a lanky teenager, who might be little John.


John W Grega, Bedford OH.

GN-1 Aircamper 1965 = 2pOhwM; 65hp Continental A-65-8; span: 29'0" length: 18'1" v: 115/90/35 range: 400; ff: 11/x/65. Modernized version of Pietenpol Aircamper. Piper J-3 cut-down wings, struts, and landing gear. Engine options up to 85hp.


Gregg Aircraft Mfg Co, Pueblo CO.

A-75 1936 = 2pClwM; 75hp Continental C-75; span: 35'11" length: 22'6" v: 116/x/x range: 440. Emigh Rocket repowered and renamed; aka Emigh-Gregg. POP: 1 [NX21963].


Michael Gregor, Roosevelt Field NY.

  Gregor FDB-1 [CF-BMB]
FDB-1 aka Continental FDB-1 SEE Canadian Car & Foundry Co.

  Gregor GR-1 [X864Y] (V J Berinati coll)
  Gregor GR-1 [X864Y] (Frank Rezich coll)

GR-1 Sportplane 1930 = 2pOB; 95hp Cirrus; span: (upper) 28'0" (lower) 21'0" load: 630# v: 110/x/x. POP: 1 [X864Y]. Gregor received US patent #1,747,001 in 1930 for a cockpit-controlled wing-tip aileron device to help overcome stalling, but there is no record of this ever showing up on any wing-tips.


Griffon Aerospace Inc, Huntsville AL.

Lionheart 199? = 4pCB rg; 450hp P&W R-985; span: 31"0" length: 27'0" load: 1900# v: 230/200/56 range: 1500 ceiling: 20,000'. Negative-staggered wings a la Beechcraft 17. Composite material construction. Flaps all wings. Kits marketed to home-builders for $86,900. POP: 2.


Grinnell Aeroplane Co (fdr: William C "Nilly" Robinson), Grinnell IA.

  Grinnell-Robinson Biplane (Bill Owen coll via Ralph Cooper)

Biplane 1916 = 2pOB; no specs found. Robinson, in whose honor the Grinnell airport is named, died on 3/11/16 when attempting to break the current altitude record in his creation. For the full story, see Dr Cooper's impressive Early Aviators site.

  Grinnell-Robinson Scout (Bill Owen coll via Ralph Cooper)

Scout 1915 = 1pOhwM; 100hp Robinson; span: 35'0" length: 25'0" v: 80/x/x. W C Robinson. Parasol wing on a Nieuport-type fuselage with the forward part clad in aluminum.

Groen Brothers, G B A

Groen Brothers Aviation, Salt Lake City UT. 2001: Glendale AZ.

Hawk I 1992 = 1pCAg prototype built to evaluate the rotor system; ff: 9/26/92 [N4379X].

Hawk II 199? = 2CAg; 220hp Lycoming IO-360 pusher; rotor: 34'0" length: (fuselage) 16'8" load: 800# v: 160/140/x range: 560.

  Groen Hawk 4 Oshkosh 2000(?) (unknown source, sent as email)

Hawk IV 1999 = VTOL gyroplane. 4pCAg; 350hp Teledyne-Continental TSIO-550; rotor: 42'0" length: 22'0" load: 960# v: 150/130/0 range: 420 ceiling: 16,000'; ff: 9/x/99.

Hawk V 199? = 5pCAg; 565hp; load: 1400# v: 160/x/x.

Jet Hawk 4T 2000 = Jet version of Hawk IV with 420hp Rolls-Royce 250 gas turbine; ff: 7/12/2000. World's first jet-powered gyroplane.

Grumman, Grumman-American


Guardian Aircraft Co (pres: Derek White), 3008 S Jefferson Ave, St Louis MO; 1929: 2500 Texas Ave, St Louis MO. No info or records found after 1929; assumed another victim of the Depression.

200 1929 = 2pOhwM; 60hp LeBlond 5D; span: 30'0" length: 18'0" load: 453# v: 112/85/33 range: 470. Full-cantilever wing. $1,800. Plans offered for $5, and kits from $275-325 for a slightly detuned version to accept 25-35hp motors (span: 30'0" length: 20'0" v: 85/x/32).

Guey SEE Yue


(1967: Grumman Gulftream II prduction at Savannah GA.) 1978: Acquisition by American Jet Industries/AJI (Allen Paulson) from Grumman-American as Gulfstream American Corp. 1980: Purchased Rockwell's General Aviation Div (Aero Commander). 1985: Purchased by Chrysler Corp as Gulfstream Aerospace. 1988: Acquisition of rights to Gulfstream 112/114 by Commander Aircraft Co (pres: Randall Greene), Oklahoma City OK. 1990: Repurchased by Allen Paulson. 1992: Forstmann-Little acquired Paulson. 1999: Sold to General Dynamics.

112, 114 SEE Rockwell.

AA-1C 1977 (TC A11EA, A17EA) = 2pClwM trainer and utility evolution of Grumman American AA-1. 115hp Lycoming O-235C2C. POP: 211. Later renamed T-Cat and Deluxe Lynx.

  Gulfstream-American AA-5A [N27150] (Eric Paslick)

AA-5A, Cheetah 1976 (TC A11EA) = 4pClwM; 150hp Lycoming O-320-E2G. Cheetah was deluxe version.

AA-5B, Tiger 1975 (TC A16EA) = 180hp Lycoming O-320-A4K. Tiger was deluxe version.
Ag-Cat 19?? = Continued production of Grumman Ag-Cat. Production actually done by Schweizer, who eventually acquired the design rights.

C-20 SEE Gulfstream III/ IV.

GA-7, Cougar 1978 = Evolution of Grumman American AA line. 4pClwM rg; two 160hp Lycoming O-320-D1D; span: 36'9" length: 29'7" (?>29'10") load: 1285# v: 193/131/62 range: 1336 ceiling: 18,300'. POP: 115.

GAC-159-C Gulfstream I Commuter 1979 = 10'8" stretch of existing Grumman Gulfstream I for commuter airline operation.

  Grumman G-1159 [N701G] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

Gulfstream II 1966 = 19p Grumman Gulfstream IIs built after AJI bought Grumman American; ff: 10/2/66. Larger overall, with T-tail, swept wings, side-mounted RR Spey turbofans POP: 256 built by production end in 1980.

Gulfstream IIB 1981 = Rewinging of existing II with wing of Gulfstream III. POP: 40.

Gulfstream IISP 198? = II retrofitted with winglets developed by Aviation Partners Inc.

  Gulfstream C-20A (Gulfstream)

Gulfstream III 1979 = Redesign of Gulfstream II with fuselage stretched 2'0", new windshield and radome, modified inboard wing and addtiion of winglets; span: 77'10" length: 83'2" v: 576 range: 4715. Designed in collabration with Grumman. C-20A/-20B was used by USAF for VIP transport, with differences only in electronics; unit cost: $22.2 million.

  Gulfstream IV [N9500M] (Eddie Coates coll)

Gulfstream IV 1985 = Gulfstream III with two 11400# R-R Spey MK511-8 turbofans, replaced later with Tays; modifications to outboard wing, stretched fuselage. C-20F/G/H in USAF service.

  Gulfstream V [N111LX] (Eddie Coates coll)

Gulfstream V 1995 = Long-range business jet. Similar to IV, but all-new wing, R-R Tays replaced with BMW/R-R BR710-48, fuselage stretched 7'0".

Hustler 500 1978 = No data; ff (as AJI Hustler 500): 1/11/78.

  Gulfstream Peregrine 600 Prototype [N600GA] (AJI)
  Gulfstream Peregrine 600 (color) [N600GA] (Rockwell)

Peregrine 600 1981 = Military trainer. 2pClwM rg. Side-by-side cockpit. Civil prototype [N600GA]; ff: 5/22/81.

SRA-1, -4 1984 = USAF. Special-mission version of Gulfstream III/IV.

Tr.2 = Dual-control version of AA-1C.


Thomas Gunderson, Twin Valley MN.

Model 1 1939 = 1pOM; 32hp Ford. POP: 1 [N18266].


1928: Roy E Guthier, Chicago IL. 1930: Guthier Airplane Co Inc, 33 S Market St, Chicago IL.

H-429 1930 = 3pCM; 180hp Wright-Hisso E. Modified to 2p in Sep 1932. [X10708] c/n 6; reg cancelled 1/15/34.

Monoplane 1928 = 4pOhwM; 150hp Hisso A; span: 42'0" length: 25'6". Described as "similar to Ryan" with lift-struts. POP: 1 [5267] c/n 3; reg cancelled 3/14/30. Dismantled, reported to CAA in Feb 1930: "The welding was rather poor, was not licensed, and of no use."


G W Heinemann, Bellingham WA.

Special 1932 = 1pOhwM and 2pOBF. Began life as a Heath Parasol land monoplane with a 32hp Johnson outboard engine. Sold c.1933 to Victor Lindahl, of Seattle, who rebuilt it as a long-wing biplane on floats and with a 40hp Ford T motor. [899N].


9/3/35: (Joseph Marr) Gwinn Aircar Co, Buffalo NY.

  Gwinn Aircar Original tail and cowl [X1271] (Frank Rezich coll)
  Gwinn Aircar [X1271] (Pacific News Service)
  Gwinn Aircar [X1271] (E A A coll)

Aircar 1936 (ATC 682 pending but unissued) = 2pCB; 90hp geared Pobjoy Niagara II; span: 24'0" length: 16'3" load: 427# v: 120/108/49 range: 475. Joseph Gwinn. Rudderless, short-coupled "safety plane" with bulbous fuselage; tricycle gear, four-blade propeller. POP: 2; one prototype [X1271], and one refitted with 130hp Pobjoy Niagara V-7 in 1938 (v: 136/123/50 range: 400) [NX16921], which was destroyed in a power-line crash that year, killing demo pilot Frank Hawks and passenger. Gwinn was so emotionally affected that he cancelled further production. Prototype was acquired by Consolidated Aircraft Co, subsequently donated to a San Diego school c.1941, and its fate is unknown. SEE ALSO Convair 111.


Wayne University, Detroit MI.

1936 = 1pOH, human-powered; rotor: 14'0". Dr W Frederick Gerhardt, head of the Aeronautical Engineering Dept. No more than a basic framework with part of a bicycle suspended beneath a two-bladed rotor, this was the first heavier-than-air machine to attain flight, albeit only in inches, with human pedal-power supplied by Olympic fencer Johanna de Tuscon.


1946: PC Helicopter Corp. 1946: Gyrodyne Co of America (pres: Peter J Papadakos), Hicksville, Long Island NY. 1951: Massapequa Park, Long Island NY. 1953: St James, Long Island NY.

  Gyrodyne GCA-2 [N74101]

GCA-2 1949 = Was Bendix Model J and Helicopters Model J. 5pCH; 450hp P&W R-985 with 12:1 gear reduction to two 48'0" coaxial, twin-blade rotors; length: 21'3" load: 1800# v: 112/89/0 range: 270 ceiling: 7000'. [N74101].

  Gyrodyne GCA-2A [NX74101] (

GCA-2A 1949 = GCA-2 proof-of-concept, modified with two added 100hp Continental outriggers with twin-blade props, to obtain test data pertaining to convertoplanes; ff: 11/30/49. [NX74101].

GCA-2C 1952 = 6-8pCH; 450hp P&W R-985; rotor: 48'0" v: 87/70/0 ff: 4/25/52 (p: Jim Ryan). Coaxial, twin-blade rotor; tail rotor replaced by two traditional rudders; quad gear [N6594K]. Convertible to an ambulance with three litters. Company subsequently went into convertaplane designs as Helidyne.

GCA-5 Gyrodyne - A 1951 project of a 3p single-engine, single-rotor helicopter with a tail rotor that swiveled laterally to serve as a pusher prop. No known production.

GCA-7 Helidyne - Proposed version that was to have a wing, as well as two O-200 pushers, apparently was never built. Gyrodyne went on to produce their later drone helicopters for Dept of Defense.

GCA-59 Rotorcycle, HOG, RON c.1955 = 1pOH; 40hp Nelson H-59, later 4-cyl 62hp Porsche; rotor: 17'0" (?>20'0") length: 11'0" load: 280# v: 71/60/0 range 31. Gross wt: 700#. Conceived as a simple, portable, one-man helicopter for liaison, observation, and small-unit tactical maneuvers. POP: 3 to USMC initially as XHOG-1, then as XRON-1 and YRON-1 [4013, et al].


American Gyropter Co, Cincinnati OH.

1928 = A wedding of the Cierva autogyro design with that of a helicopter would, ideally, produce a best-of-both-worlds machine, but what came of this grand plan is unknown. Charles W Lay. POP: 1 small prototype with 50hp Anzani [427] c/n A-1, and 1 larger version with 200hp Hisso [428] c/n A-2, possibly others.

"Remember, you are always a student in an airplane." — Wolfgang Langewiesche