FACTOID: Piper's major contribution to the military in World War 2 was not, as often assumed, the renowned Cub liaison and trainer, but steel radar masts.
AE SEE HE.
Aerostar SEE PA-60.
Apache, Aztec SEE PA-23.
Arapaho SEE PA-40.
Archer, Arrow SEE PA-28.
C-83 - 3p J-3, -4, and -5 impressed by USAAF as communications aircraft. First designated UC-83, then as L-4 in 1943.
UC-83 1942 = Impressed J-5A. POP: 4 [42-79551/79554], became L-4F.
Cadet, Charger SEE PA-28.
Cherokee SEE PA-28, -32.
Cheyenne SEE PA-31, -42.
Chieftain SEE PA-31.
Clipper SEE Applegate Amphibian, PA-16.
Colt SEE PA-22.
Comanche SEE PA-24, -30.
Cub SEE F-2, J-2, -3, -4, -5, PA-11.
Dakota SEE PA-12.
Enforcer SEE PA-48.
F-2 Cub 1937 (ATC 525) = Piper manufacture of Taylor F-2 Cub.
Flightliner SEE PA-28.
Piper HE-1  (Dan Shumaker)
HE, AE 1942 = USN ambulance version of J-5C. POP: 100 as HE-1 [30197/30296]. Became AE-1 in 1943 when the H-designation became specific to helicopters.
Piper J-2 with LeBlond [NC19518] (Frank Rezich coll)
J-2 Cub 1937 (ATC 595) = New manufacture of Taylor J-2 Cub. POP total Taylor and Piper: 1,196.
Piper J-3 "Sport" [NC26792] (1938 Piper ad)
J-3 Cub 1937 (ATC 660, 691, 692, 695, 698) = 2pChwM; initially 40hp Continental A-40; span: 35'3" length: 22'6" load: 422# v: 87/72/32 range: 210. Walter Jamouneau; redesign of Taylor E-2 Cub came to be the most-produced airplane in the world in its era. $1,249; $1,098 in 1939; $995 in 1940. POP: 14,125, plus 5,687 as USAAF L-4, L-14, and O-59; also 253 as USAAF TG-8 gliders (plus 3 as USN XLNP-1); 105 recorded exports to Turkish AF. Group 2 (691 to 698) for higher-powered Continentals and Franklins. SEE The Piper Cub Story
Piper J-3C Spirit of N76 [NC88657] (K O Eckland coll)
Piper J-4 Peruvian AF 1950 (Sergio de la Puente coll)
J-4 Cub Coupe 1938 (ATC 703) = 2pChwM; 50hp Continental A-50; span: 36'2" length: 22'6" load: 490# v: 93/83/35 range: 325. Walter Jamouneau, Hanford Eckman. Exposed cylinder heads. $1,995; POP: see J-4F.
J-4A 1938 (703) = 65hp Continental A-65. Enclosed cowl. POP: see J-4F.
Piper J-5A [NC28123] (Dan Shumaker)
J-5A Cub Cruiser 1940 (ATC 725) = 3pChwM; 75hp Continental A-65; span: 35'6" length: 22'6" load: 690# v: 95/85/42 range: 300. $1,833; POP: see J-5C.
J-5B 1940 (ATC 725) = 75hp Lycoming O-145. $1,995; POP: see J-5C.
L-4, L-59, O-59 Grasshopper - USAAF liaison and ambulance. 2pChwM, same general data as J-3, -4, and -5. Original O-59 designation changed to L-4 in 1942. POP total: 5,673. USN version was NE. One had the distinction of the final WW2 aerial victory in Europe, as the war there was ending, when a rather slow and ungainly dogfightmore of an aerial balletbetween an L-4 and a German Fieseler Fi.156 observation plane took place. USAF Lts Duane Francis and Bill Martin fired their .45 pistols at the German, convincing him to land and surrender.
L-4 1941 = Stock J-3 with 65hp Continental C-65/O-170 with similar specs and data. POP: 4 for preliminary tests as YO-59 [42-460/463], and 140 as O-59 [42-7813/7852 et al], all redesignated, briefly as L-59, finally L-4; plus 6 Mutual Defense exports in 1951 [51-16086/16091].
Piper YL-14 [NX33534] (Curtiss Aldrich coll)
Piper YL-14 [NX33534] (W K Giles via Dan Ford & Jos Heyman)
L-14, YL-14 1945 (ATC 760) = 3pChwM; 125hp Lycoming O-290-3; span: 35'10" length: 23'5" load: 800# v: 115/100/20-38 range: 300; ff: 2/29/45. Modified L-4 with full greenhouse as liaison plane. POP: 1 prototype as YL-14 [NX41552], and 8 L-14 from a USAF order of 850 [45-55525/55574]; the rest were cancelled at war's end. The USAF 8 were surplused as civil [N154YL (or N14YL?)=N414YL, N1057N, NX33534, N33548, N33551, N33533, N41552, N67635]. A ninth was partially constructed [45-55531], surplused as [NC41594], then went to Cuba [CUP18=CUN18] and to Spain, where it was restored 1996-2003 [ECAAP].
It might have been somewhat based on the J-5 but was really a different plane. It had flaps (first Piper to use them) and leading-edge slots. Two pilots in front, dual controls, and an observer's seat in the rear that swiveled for viewing out the back or for writing at a built-in desk. Power off and flaps up, it stalled at 38 mph but with flaps down and power, it stalled at 20! ( Russ Walker 2/18/04)
L-18 - Military version of PA-11 and -18; 90hp continental C-90; span: 35'3" length: 22'5" load: 700# v: 110 ceiling: 13,500'.
L-18A - Projected development of L-4J for Mutual Security program, but none was built.
L-21 - Military version of PA-18, redesignated as U-7 in 1962.
YL-21 1951 = Enlarged PA-18 for evaluation. POP: 2 [51-6495, -6496].
Lance SEE PA-32.
Malibu, Meridian, Mirage SEE PA-46.
Mojave, Navajo SEE PA-31.
NE 1942 = USN version of L-4 as elementary trainers; 65hp Continental O-170; span: 35'3" length: 22'3". POP: 230 NE-1 [26196/26425], 20 NE-2 [29669/29688]. One ship was used for experiments as a potential carry-on by blimps (like a mini-version of the Curtiss Sparrowhawk and USS Akron merger) for long-range sub spotting, but with PBY and PB4Y fitting that role better, the plan was never fully implemented.
O-59, L-59 SEE L-4.
P-1 1941 = 4pChwM; 130hp Franklin 6AC. POP: 1 [NX38300]. Wing design appeared in PA-16.
P-2 1941 = 2pChwM; 60hp Franklin 4AC-171, later 75hp Continental; cowled engine and one-piece hinged door. Would have replaced J-3 in production but for the war. POP: 1 [NX33281].
Piper P-4 [NX38300] (Gifford Bull via Skyways)
P-4 1941 = 4pChwM; 120hp Lycoming O-290. Would have gone into production in 1942 if the war had not interfered. POP: 1 converted from P-1 [NX38300].
Piper PA-6 [NX580] (Dan Shumaker coll)
PA-6 Sky Sedan 1947 = 4pClwM rg; 165hp Continental E-165; span: 34'8" length: 26'0" load: 1040# v: 140/125/50 (?>160/140/49) range: 500 (?>620). All-metal; monocoque fuselage, cantilever wing with trailing-edge flaps. Also tried with 165hp Franklin. POP: 1 [NX580]. Market decline forced cancellation.
Piper PA-7 [NX4500] (Douglas Rolfe coll)
PA-7 Sky Coupe aka PWA-1 (Bradford) 1945 = 2pClwM; 113hp Franklin 4ACG pusher; span: 30'0" v: 110/100/48 range: 532. Twin-boom, twin-tail, tricycle gear. POP: 1 [NX4500].
Piper PA-8 [NX47Y] (Piper)
PA-8 Sky Cycle 1947 = 1pClwM; 55hp Lycoming O-145; span: 20'0" length: 15'8" v: 115/90/45 (?>120/95/55) range: 400. $999; POP: 1 prototype for an economy plane project [NX47Y]. Fuselage made from a surplus F4U Corsair wing tank. Destroyed in a fire at Johnstown PA Vocational School c.1948.
Piper PA-11 [NC209H] (Dan Shumaker)
Piper PA-11 Ag modification [NC209H] (Eddie Coates coll)
PA-11 Cub Special 1945 (ATC 691) = Trainer version of J-3 with 65hp Continental C-65; span: 35'3" length: 22'5" load: 490# v: 100/87/35 range: 325. $2,445; POP: 1,428.
Piper PA-12 (Dan Shumaker)
PA-12 Super Cruiser 1945 (ATC 780) = 2-3pChwM; 100hp Lycoming O-235; span: 35'6" length: 23'1" load: 645# v: 115/105/42 range: 300. $2,995 in 1945, $3,205 in 1947 (both less radio, starter and generator); POP: Lock Haven more than 3,500, Ponca City more than 250 (?>total: 3,758). First around-the-world lightplane flights by City of Washington (p: Clifford Evans) [NX2365M], and City of Los Angeles (p: George Truman) in 1947 [NX3671M].
Piper PA-14 [N5149H] (Roger Cain)
PA-14 Family Cruiser 1948 (ATC 797) = 3-4pChwM; 115hp Lycoming O-235; span: 35'6" length: 23'2" load: 850# v: 123/110/44 range: 500. Redesigned PA-12 with widened cabin. $3,825-2,985; POP: 232.
Piper PA-15 [N4330H] (Eddie Coates)
PA-15 Vagabond 1947 (ATC 800) = 2pChwM; 65hp Lycoming O-145; span: 29'3" length: 18'8" load: 480# v: 102/90/45 range: 300. $1,990; POP: 585 (includes PA-17); ff: 10/29/47. First postwar Piper design, predecesssor of Colt, Clipper, Pacer, and Tri-Pacer.
Piper PA-16 [N5852H] (Joseph Abril)
PA-16 Clipper 1949 (TC 1A1) = 4pChwM; 108hp Lycoming O-235; span: 29'4" length: 20'2" load: 800# v: 120/112/50 range: 480. Stretched version of PA-15. $2,995, POP: 726.
Piper PA-17 [N4835H] (Piper via Eddie Coates coll)
PA-17 Vagabond Deluxe 1948 (ATC 805) = PA-15 with 65hp Continental A-65; load: 500#. $2,195; POP: about 200 before end of production run in 1949.
Piper PA-18 [N6691A]
Piper PA-18 Floats [N1151A]
PA-18 Super Cub 1952 (TC 1A2) = 2pChwM; 95hp Continental C-95; span: 35'3" length: 22'3" load: 700# v: 112/100/42 range: 360 ceiling: 15,750', or 150hp Lycoming O-320; span: 35'3" length: 22'6" load: 820# v: 130/115/43 range: 460 ceiling: 19,000'. $4,195-5,445 in 1954, both available in a Deluxe version with electrical system and other refinements for $4,780-5,745; POP: 7,081, plus 1,688 to USAF as L-18, and L-21 with 125hp O-290; 243 recorded as PA-18T.
PA-18A 1952 = Agricultural model with 125hp Lycoming O-290; load: 655# v: 123/100/38 range: 250, or 150hp O-320. $5,595-5,895 in 1954, less dispersal equipment (.
PA-19 c.1952 = PA-18 to Army as L-18C. POP: 1.
PA-20 Pacer 1950 (TC 1A4) = PA-16 with 125hp Lycoming O-235 or O-290-D; span: 29'3" length: 20'5" load: 825# v: 125/112/50. Flaps, control wheel and other improvements. $3,298; POP: 1,119. Original Clipper designation was changed because of objections from PanAm Airlines, who claimed prior rights to the name. Transcontinental, non-stop lightplane record of 23h:4m:31s in May 1951 (p: Max Conrad).
PA-21 1949 - Factory designation applied to a purchased Baumann B-250 Brigadier [NX/N30025] c/n 1 to be used for evaluation. Piper acquired rights with a stipulation agreeing not to manufacture the design, or any variant of it, with pusher enginesBaumann retained those rights. Wings were redesigned for tractor engines in late 1949, but the project was cancelled when completion was judged as financially impractical. The plane went to a local school instead.
Piper PA-22-150 [N7634D] (Mark Coffman)
PA-22 Caribbean, Colt, Tri-Pacer 1951 (TC 1A6) = PA-20 with 125hp Lycoming O-290-D; span: 29'4" length: 20'3" load: 975# v: 135/125/48. Also with 135hp O-290-D2 and 150hp O-320.
Piper PA-22 Colt in Perú [OB-600] (Sergio de la Puente)
PA-23 Apache, Aztec (TC1A10) - Although the idea for Apache originated in early 1951, it wasn't until Piper's acquisition of the Twin Stinson [N1953A] (qv below) that work began on a prototype. The Stinson's fabric covering was replaced by metal and there was a major redesign from the cabin aft, including a single tail. Power was upgraded to two 150hp Lycoming 0-320-A, and prototype [N23P] c/n 23-1 took wing on 7/29/53. There followed a second prototype [N1000P] c/n 23-2, and issuance of a TC on 1/29/54. Became the 6p Aztec series in 1959.
Apache 150 1953 = 4pClwM rg; two 150hp Lycoming O-320; span: 37'0" length: 27'1" load: 1340# range: 720. $32,000; POP: 1,231.
PA-24 Comanche - 4-6pClwM rg; 180hp Lycoming O-360-A1A; span: 36'0" length: 24'8" load: 1075# v: 167/160/58 range: 920.
-180 1957 = POP: 1,143.
Piper PA-25 [N9101D] (Piper via Ron Dupas coll)
PA-25 Pawnee - Agricultural applicator. 1pClwM; span: 36'2" length: 24'9" v: 177-200.
-150 1958 = 150hp Lycoming O-320. POP: 731.
PA-28 Arrow, Cadet, Charger, Cherokee, Warrior - 2-4pClwM.
Piper Cherokee 140 [N6000W] (Piper)
PA-28R-300, Pillan 1981 = 2p military trainer developed for ENEAR in Chile. 300hp Lycoming IO-540; span: 28'11" length: 26'3" load: 900# v: 194/186/72 range: 590. POP: 122 assembled in Chile.
Piper PA-29 [N2900M] (Aviation Week via Ron Dupas)
PA-29 Papoose 1962 = 2pClwM; 108hp Lycoming O-235C; span: 25'0" length: 20'8" load: 700# v: 130. Airframe of fiberglass reinforced plastic construction. Its paper-honeycomb stabilizing material proved to be vulnerable to humidity, and the project was dropped. POP: 1 [N2900M].
Piper PA-30 [N7758Y] (Piper Co)
PA-30 Twin Comanche 1962 = 4-6pClwM rg; two 160hp Lycoming IO-320-B; span: 36'0" length: 25'2" load: 1440# v: 205/194/65 range: 948-1200; ff: 11/7/62. POP: 2,001.
PA-30C, Turbo Twin Comanche C 1968 = Two 160hp TSIO-320-C1A.
PA-31 Cheyenne, Chieftain, Mojave, Navajo - 6-8pClwM rg.
Navajo 1964 = Two 310hp Lycoming TIO-540-A2C; span: 40'8" length: 32'8" load: 2740# v: 263/250/72 range: 1316; ff: 9/x/64. POP: 1,785.Piper PA-31-325 [N4o73M] (Eddie Coates)Piper PA-31-350 (Hawkair)
PA-32 Cherokee 6, Lance, Saratoga 1963 = 6-7pClwM; span: 32'9" length: 27'8"; ff: 12/6/63. Optional floats and skis.
Piper PA-32-260 [N300JA] (Eric Paslick)
PA-33 Comanche 1967 = 6pClwM rg; 260hp Lycoming TIO-540. Pressurized version of PA-24, modified by Swearingen. POP: 1 as XPA-33P [N4600Y].
PA-34 Seneca - 6-7pClwM rg.
Piper PA-34-200 [N424WT] (Eddie Coates)
PA-35 Pocono 1968 = 16pClwM rg; two 475hp Lycoming TIO-720; span: 51'0" length: 39'3" load: 4600# v: 242/216/80 range: 800. POP: 1 [N3535C].
Piper PA-36 [N9961C]
PA-36 Pawnee II, Pawnee Brave 1971 = 1pClwM agricultural aircraft; 285hp Continental Tiara, later 300hp Lycoming IO-540 or 375hp IO-720; span: 38'10" length: 26'10" load: 2200# v: 148/142/62 range: 455. POP: 923.
Piper PA-38 [N2606B] (Eddie Coates)
PA-38 Tomahawk 1978 = 2pClwM basic trainer; 112hp Lycoming O-235; span: 34'0" length: 23'1" load: 606# v: 131/126/53 range: 402. T-tail. POP: 2,519.
PA-40 Arapaho 1973 = 6pClwM; two 160hp Lycoming IO-320; span: 36'5" length: 25'2" load: 1460# v: 201/181/69 range: 1115. Intended to replace Twin Comanche. POP: 3.
PA-42 Cheyenne - 7pClwM rg; two 500hp P&W PT6A;
1A 197? = span: 40'8" length: 12'10" load: 3846# v: x/296/83 ceiling: 29,000'. $1,124,117.
PA-44 Seminole - 4pClwM rg. T-tail.
Piper PA-44-180 [N556PA] (William T Larkins)
PA-46 Malibu - 6pClwM rg. Pressurized cabin.
Piper PA-48 [N481PE] (USAF Museum)
PA-48 Enforcer 1971 = Close-support fighter prototypically designed by Cavalier Aircraft Co, Sarasota FL (SEE Trans-Florida) based on modified P-51 airframe. 1pClwM rg; 2445hp (?>2535hp) Lycoming YT-55-L-9 turboprop; span: 41'4" length: 34'2" load: 5680# v: 363 range: 900 ceiling: 25,000'; ff: 4/29/71. David Lindsay (Cavalier). Was never in the Air Force inventory, hence was not given an official military designation or a USAF s/n. POP: 2 prototypes [N201PE, N481PE]; the first crashed in flight testing 7/12/71, the latter went to USAF Museum.
Piper PA-60 Aerostar [N6901X] (AOPA coll)
PA-60 Aerostar 1978 = Ted Smith Aerostar produced by Piper after acquiring the Aerostar line of aircraft in 1978. POP: 519, most of them produced in the old Ted Smith factory in Santa Maria CA.
Papoose SEE PA-29.
Pawnee SEE PA-36.
Pocono SEE PA-35.
Piper PT-1 [NX4300] (Frank Rezich coll)
Piper PT-1 [NX4300]
PT-1 aka XPT 1943 = Primary trainer. 2pClwM rg (manual); 130hp Franklin 6AC-298; span: 35'3" length: 22'10" load: 675# v: 150/135/50 range: 600-700 ceiling: 12,400'. David Long. POP: 1 prototype [NX4300].
PWA-1 SEE PA-7.
Saratoga SEE PA-32.
Seminole SEE PA-44.
Seneca SEE PA-34.
Sky Coupe SEE PA-7.
Sky Sedan SEE PA-6.
Super Cub SEE PA-18.
Super Cruiser SEE PA-12.
Piper Twin Stinson [N1953A] (Dan Shumaker coll)
Piper Twin Stinson [N1953A] (Tom Heitzman coll)
Twin Stinson 1952 = 4pClwM rg; two 125hp Lycoming 0-290-D; span: 37'3" length: 31'2". Steel-tube construction with fabric-covered fuselage and outer wing panels; tricycle gear. Forerunner of Apache was acquired in a partial merger of companies in 1952. POP: 1 [N1953A] c/n 23-01; ff: 3/2/52 (p: Jay Myers). Flight tests at Piper revealed engine cooling problems it was underpowered and suffered in single-engine handling as wellso 150hp Lycomings were installed with full-feathering props. Original twin tail was replaced by a single tail from a PA-6 and other features were modified to bring up prototype PA-23.
Tomahawk SEE PA-38.
U-7 SEE L-21.
Piper U-11A (Antique Aircraft Assn coll)
UO-1, U-11A 1960 = USN adaptation of PA-23 Aztec, redesignated as U-11A in 1962. 5pClwM with two 250hp Lycoming O-540-A1D5; span: 37'3" length: 30'3" load: 1900# v: 216/190/68 ceiling: 21,000'. POP: 20 [149050/149069].
Vagabond SEE PA-15, -17.
Warrior SEE PA-28.