REVISED: 1/18/09


No location found.

LR-1 aka Honroth Special 1947 = 1pClwM; Continental. In its first Goodyear competition, when rounding the first pylon, this racer twisted its frame so badly it limped in and was immediately retired from flying [NX/N5595N].


William Rackett, Byron Center MI.

A 1936 = 2pOB; 90hp Curtiss OX-5; ff (possibly): 3/24/36. POP: 1 [15793] c/n 1. Sold by Rackett 7/7/36 and repurchased 10/21/36. Reg cancelled 11/1/37 for unstated reasons.


Henri & Louis Ragot, Adrien Lacroix, New York NY.

1911 = 1pOhwM; pusher engine; Louis Ragot. Canard design with framework fuselage, based on the White design.


Rahn Aircraft Corp, Brooklyn NY.

  Rahn [NX13247] (Popular Aviation)

1935 = 1p rotating-wing experiment with 240hp supercharged Wright Whirlwind. Two 6' rotating wings on each side theoretically would cause the plane to rise or descend vertically, or fly laterally without a conventional propeller up to 100mph, but it is unrecorded if this 15'-long creation ever accomplished any of these feats [NX13247].


1910: François & Bessica Raiche, Mineola NY. 1911: French-American Aeroplane Co.

1910 = 1pOB; 28-32hp (French) Crout pusher; span: 33'0" length: 28'6". Curtiss-inspired design made of bamboo and silk, built in the home of those newlyweds and assembled in their front yard. In it Bessie Raiche flew on 9/16/10, with no prior instruction or experience. Although her flight was short and only a few feet high, she is generally credited as the first woman in the US to solo an airplane. The couple went on to build and sell two more similar models in their early "cottage industry."


W H Ramsey, Minneapolis MN.

Flying Bath Tub 1931 (?>1933) = 1pOhwM; 30hp Aeronca E-107; span: 32'0" length: 23'5" load: 300# v: 70/60/x. Side-by-side design based on the popular Dormoy ultralights; engine was pedestal-mounted above the nose. [10540].

R&B Special SEE DARA

Rand M-1-CK SEE Mohawk

Rand, Rand-Robinson

c.1972: Kenneth C Rand, Huntington Beach CA. 1974: Rand-(??)Robinson Engineering Inc, Huntington Beach CA.

KR-1 1972 = 1pClwM rg; 36hp VW 1200cc; span: 17'2" length: 12'6" load: 290# v:150/130/42 range: 748; ff: 2/x/72 [N1436]—his prototype was later refitted with 90hp VW 2074cc; load: 420# v: 220/220/42. POP: 700+ flying by 1999.

KR-1B 1940 = Powered glider version. 1pClwM; span: 27'0".
  Rand KR-2 (Alaska FAA)

KR-2 1974 = 2pClwM; 90hp VW 2074cc; span: 20'8" length: 14'6" load: 360# v: 180/170/45 range: 2000; ff: 7/x/74. POP: 1200+ flying by 1999.
KR-2S 1993 = Stretched version. 2pClwM; 80hp VW 2180cc; span: 23'0" length: 16'0" load: 460# v: 200/180/52.
KR-3 1977 = 2pCmwMAm; 80hp VW 2100cc.


Glenn Wade & Harmon Gum, Long Beach CA.

M-1 1928 = Trainer. 2pOB; 100hp Kinner; span: 27'0" v: 100/80/x. [597] c/n RS-1.


SEE ALSO Coffman

1929: Ranger Aircraft Corp, Oklahoma City, on acquiring design and production rights of Coffman Monoplanes Inc.

1929 (ATC 2-145) = 3pChwM; 90hp Curtiss OX-5; span: 37'0" length: 23'6" load: 817# v: 125/95/34 range: 650. Sam Coffman. Modification of 1927 Coffman with floor-mounted control dual sticks and new rudder design. POP: 1 [NC889N], flew successfully until placed in storage during WW2. Its remains were located in Okeene OK in 1962, and reportedly restored. One other [812N], actually built by Coffman, is more often credited as a Ranger.

  Ranger C-1 Racer [NR10421] (Frank Rezich coll)

C-1 aka Hunt Racer 1930 = 1pOlwM; 90hp Cirrus. Billy Tipton. POP: 1 racers for Cirrus Derby [NR10421, 10443], also developed from Coffman. First one did not compete because of damage in a forced landing (p: Claude Seaton); sold to Roy Hunt of Los Angeles, who used the plane extensively for aerobatic performances. Path of the second one is unknown.

Cadet 1930 = 1pOmwM; 65hp Velie M-5. Shoulder wing. POP: 1 [X11910]. Repowered with 75hp Detroit Air Cat by 1933. Some confusion lies in reports that Coffman and Miles Westfall built a Coffman Junior in the "early '30s" at Coffman's airport, which fits the description of this one and might well be.

SR-3-1 1931 = Unknown type with Szekely SR-3 [10478].

Trainer c.1931 = 4pChwM; 110hp Warner Scarab. POP: 1 instrument trainer for Dallas School of Aviation.

W 1930 SEE Coffman-Ranger.


(John G "Tex") Rankin, School of Flying/Rankin System; Portland OR. 1928: Production assigned to Aircraft Bldrs Corp (Adcox).

  Rankin EX-1 [X12722] (Basil B Smith via Ralph Nortell coll)
  Rankin EX-1 [X12722] (G S Williams via V J Berinati coll)

EX-1 1932 = 1pClwM; two 120hp Martin 333; ff: 8/1/33 (p: Basil B Smith). POP: 1 [X12722]. Planned for an endurance flight that never came to pass.

RBM-4 1928 = 2pO/ClwM; 60hp LeBlond 5D; span: 37'1" length: 25'6" load: c.350# v: 100. Basil B Smith. $2,500; POP: unk. One appears in a 1936 register as 4pCM with a 200hp Wright [NC9622 (how the NC was acquired is unknown)] c/n 3, owned by brothers Alexander, Arch, and Charles Rankin of Wayne MI. Company promotion also told of a 3pOlwM with 90hp LeBlond 7D also in progress (load: c.500# v: 110), as well as an ambitious plan for a network of national distributors.

Rankin Collegiate SEE Porterfield


1983: Rans Inc (fdr: Randy Schlitter), Hays KS.

  Rans S-4 Coyote [C-IGES] (Rans)
  Rans S-5 Coyote (Rans)

S-4, -5 Coyote 1983 = Kit-built. 1pClwM; 42hp Rotax 447 or 47hp 503; span: 29'6" length: 17'0" load: 272# v: 95/65/27 range: 156 ceiling: 12,500'. S-4 with conventional gear, S-5 with tri-gear. $9,030-11,745 (1999); POP: 259 kits sold by Feb 1998.

  Rans S-6S Coyote II (Rans)

S-6S, -6ES Coyote II 1983 = Kit-built. 2pChwM; Rotax 503; span: 34'6" length: 20'0" load: 560# v: 120/80/33 range: 360 ceiling: 12,500'. This was, as were most Rans, pre-welded steel and aluminum construction with pre-sewn and -colored slip-on coverings. S-6ES with tri-gear. Options in special features, wing, and Rotax to 80hp. $17,200-27,650 with Rotax (1999); POP: 1,219 kits sold by Feb 1998.

  Rans S-7 Courier [N5909T] (Rans)

  Rans S-7C [N11632] (Rans)

S-7, -7C Courier 1985 = Kit-built. 2pChwM; 100hp Rotax 912S; span: 29'3" length: 22'9" load: 500# v: 130/120/41 range: 480 ceiling: 14,500'. Conventional gear; tandem seating.

  Rans S-9 Chaos [N70H] (Rans)

S-9 Chaos 1986 = Aerobatic kit-built. 1pCmwM; 47hp Rotax 503 or 65hp 582; span: 22'0" length: 15'8" load: 330# v: 130/90/38 ceiling: 13,500'. $11,300 with Rotax 503 (1999); POP: 154 kits sold by Feb 1998.

  Rans S-10 Sakota (Rans)

S-10 Sakota 19?? = Kit-built. 2pCmwM; 65hp Rotax 582 or 80hp 912; span: 24'0" length: 17'10" load: 500# v: 130/110/41 range: 341 ceiling: 12,500' (data for 65hp). $16,500 with Rotax 582 (1999); POP: 184 kits sold by Feb 1998.

S-11 Pursuit 199? = Research project in development late-1999 [N42991]. 1pClwM; 80hp Rotax 912. Composite materials. Lifting fuselage, twin-tails, tricycle gear.

S-12XL Airaile 1990 = Kit-built. 2pChwM; 52hp Rotax 503 pusher; span: 31'0" length: 20'6" load: 490# v: 100/65/32 range: 293 ceiling: 12,500'. Side-by-side seating. Rotax options to 80hp; optional wing tank for extended range; covering options included dope-and-fabric envelope. $12,110-23,900 with motor (1999); POP: 828 kits sold by Feb 1998.

  Rans S-14 Airaile (Rans)

S-14 Airaile 1991 = Kit-built 1p version of S-12; 42hp Rotax 447 pusher; span: 26'5" length: 18'10" load: 315 v: 120/75/36 range: 180 ceiling: 12,000'. Rotax options to 65hp. $12,500 (1999); POP: 102 by Feb 1998.

S-16 Shekari 199? = Kit-built. 2pClwM; 125hp Continental IO-240B; span: 24'0" length: 18'8" load: 520 v: 220/160/58 range: 853 ceiling: 14,500'. $21,000 less engine.

  Rans S-18 [N3006R] (Rans)

S-18 2002 = ChwM; 80hp "912" pusher; v: x/85/45; ff: 3/28/2002.


Hans L Rasmussen, Niles MI.

Skippy 1933 = 1pOlwM; 65hp Rasmussen; v: x/150/x. Racer for the 1934 Nationals, and its radial engine (with four valves each), were both built by machinist Rasmussen; (p: Bill Kysor). After the races a top wing was added as a sport plane conversion [13518].

Rason SEE Johns (PA)


(Fred) Rathel Motor Co, Daleville or Farmland or Portland IL.

1930 = 1pM; 50hp Rathel. Used as a motor test-bed. [633W] c/n 1.


1959: Rausch Engineering Inc, South San Francisco CA.

Star 250 1960 = 12pClwM rg conversion of Beech D18-S with tricycle gear, cabin headroom increased by re-roofing the fuselage; span: 47'8" length: 41'6" load: 3848# v: 220 range: 1550.


1931-1932: (Herbert) Rawdon-(E B) Christopher Aircraft Co, Wichita KS. 1938: (Alanson "Dutch," Gene, Herb) Rawdon Bros Aircraft Co, Wichita. 1978: Spinks-Rawdon, Ft Worth TX.

R-1 1938 = 2pOlwM; 75hp Lycoming; v: 110/105/42. Herb Rawdon. Side-by-side cockpit. POP: 1 prototype, modified for cropdusting after tests by Army as trainer; the design was rejected.

  Rawdon T-1 [N5161] (K O Eckland)
  Rawdon T-1 Colombian Army (clip via Friedrich Huggler)

T-1, T-1S 1947 (ATC 794, TC AR-31) = 2pClwM; 125hp Lycoming O-290; span: 33'4" length: 24'2" load: 575# v: 134/118/45 range: 415 ceiling: 18,000'. Tandem cockpits. $4,350, $6,195 outfitted as 1p T-1S crop sprayer; POP: 36, most as ag planes repowered with 150hp Lycoming O-320; load: 600# v: 138/120/50 range: 500. Three to Colombia as military counter-insurgency ships 1952-55. Production into the 1960s. Herb Rawdon was also co-designer of the famed Travel Air R "Mystery Ship" and Rawdon-designed hatches, as seen on T-1, were contracted for use on Fairchild PT-19/-23. AR-31 assigned to Spinks-Rawdon in 1978.


David B Read, Oshkosh WI.

S-4 1929 = 1pCmwM based somewhat on Heath Baby Bullet with an externally-braced center-wing, intended for racing but, after an accident, it was reported by its test pilot, Clyde A Lee: "Did not turn good." [886H] c/n 108. Reg cancelled 12/19/29.


George Read Jr, St Petersburg FL.

Tweety Bird 1973 = 1pClwM rg; 65hp Lycoming; span: 25'5". [N7GR].



Nicholas-Beazley Airplane Co, Marshal MO.

Special 1948 = 1pCmwM; 85hp Continental C-85; span: 22'0" length: 12'9". Midget racer [NX1W] (p: J P Reaver); rebuilt from 1930 Nicholas-Beazley Phantom.

Red Ball

Ward D Hiner (or Ed Bush?), Fort Wayne IN.

1928 = OB; 100hp Curtiss OXX-6. POP: 1 [2847]. Reference in register made to a Hiner as builder; possibly Bush was involved financially.

A 1927 = 5pOB; 90hp Curtiss OX-5. POP: 1 [3714] c/n/1. Repowered with 190hp Hisso E in 1936. Very possible involvement by Karl Beidenmeister (qv), who could have been the actual builder of the Red Balls, and that they were close copies of Waco 7.

Red Bird

1927: Red Bird Aircraft Co (pres: Harry Frey), Bern KS; Oklahoma City OK.

1928 = 3pOB; 90hp Curtiss OX-5; span: 32'0" length: 23'6". Harry Frey. POP: unrecorded production, but apparently there were 4 produced by this company [276, 5173, et al]: one each 2p and 3p with 90hp Curtiss OX-5, one 2pChwM with OX-5, and a 4pChwM with 150hp Hisso.

Red Wing

Red Wing Airplane Club, Cicero IL.

Trainer 1932 = 2pOM; 40hp Ford A. [12948] c/n RW-1A. A group effort, member names unrecorded.


Paul Reece, Brownstown IL.

Rocket 1930 = 1pOmwM; 60hp LeBlond; v: 120. Racer Shooting Star, aka Miss Quincy (p: Reggie Pattison) [NR12028], was destroyed in a hangar fire. Pattison was not overly successful in racing. The only time with a chance to win, he deliberately held back to get third place since that was the only spot with a cash reward. "You can't eat trophies."


Wilmer A Reedholm, Lanyon IA.

1926 = 1pOhwM; 28hp Lawrance. Original creation by 15-year-old Reedholm got off the ground but only made one brief, straight-line junket as his unofficial solo flight, distance unknown.

"Bill" Reedholm had a very distinguished aviation career from the time. Beside building a plane at age 15, he soloed at the age of 16, became the youngest fully-licensed pilot at 18 and with a Transport License, retired in 1972 as a Vice-President of American Airlines. (— Marvin Burkgren 11/12/06)


Rocket Aircraft Sales Corp (Pirtle Aircraft Co), Henderson TX. 1952: Aircraft Mfg Co, Tyler TX.

Rocket 1947 (776) = 4pClwM rg; 260hp Continental; span: 31'0" length: 21'7" load: 900# v: x/185/54 range: 925. R S "Pop" Johnson. All-metal descendent of Johnson Rocket. POP: 1 [N77637].

Appears in Flying as Rocket 400 with 400hp supercharged Lycoming, cruising speed at low altitudes: 240. (— Tore Eriksson 05/22/00).

  Regent Rocket 185 [NC90204]

Rocket 185 1947 (ATC 776) = 2-3p version of the previous with 185hp Lycoming GSO-435; span: 30'10" length: 21'10" range: 1000.

Texas Bullet 1950 = 4pClwM rg; 205hp Continental E-185; span: 28'0" length: 23'2" load: 950# v: 190/180/80. R S Johnson, from Johnson Bullet. All-metal. POP: 6. Advertised in 1960 as Sky Gem by Gem Aircraft Inc of Rexburg ID.


1928: W T Reid Aircraft Co, Montreal Canada. 1928: Acquired in part by Curtiss Co. 1931: Sold to Montreal Aircraft Industries Ltd, Toronto Canada.

Rambler 1929 = 2pOSwB; 95hp Cirrus Mark II; span: 32'0" length: 22'6"; load: 595# v: 105/90/38. Production of this Canadian all-metal-framed and truss-braced, folding-wing sportplane was acquired by Curtiss. SEE Curtiss-Reid.


Donald (or Walter) E Reid, Ashbury Park NJ.

  Reid RFS [N1740] (clip: Flugrevue 5/1969)

RFS Commander aka Reid Flying Submarine 1961 = 1pOmwMFb; 65hp engine mounted on a pylon; length: 32'10". No performance stats found. POP: 1 [N1740], also bore state watercraft license NJ18S. SEE Airplanes Under Water for related topic.

A serious attempt to make an aircraft that could also serve as a submarine, Reid's design was, it is believed, in response to interest by the USN in the concept of submersible aircraft. The aircraft was completed in 1961 using parts from other aircraft. To submerge, the engine was covered with rubber and the propeller removed, and the pilot used an Aqualung. In the tail was a small 1hp electric motor for underwater propulsion. Initially the pilot's position was in the engine pylon but was later moved forward onto the fuselage. After tests, the aircraft went through a full cycle for the first time on 6/9/64 when a dive to a depth of 6.5' was followed by a short flight at an altitude of 33'. (— Jos Heyman 7/19/07)


Reiflin Headless Aeroplane Co.

1912 = No data.

Remington-Burnelli SEE Burnelli

1920: Remington-Burnelli Corp, Mineola NY; 1923: Hartford CT.

  Remington-Burnelli (magazine clip)

Transport 1921 = 8-11pCB; two 400hp Liberty 12; span: 78'0" length: 22'3" load: 6150#. Wide, airfoil-shape fuselage with motors mounted side-by-side in front.


Ralph Replogle, Camden IN.

1930 = 3pOM; 60hp Gnôme rotary. [11111].

From son Wayne Replogle comes info that the plane was built from purchased plans (type unstated) by his father and several other young lads. After taxi trials, its first flight ended at a fence that removed the undercarriage, after which it was consigned to a barn, with ultimate disposition unknown. (— John M Jarratt 3/19/02)


Merle Replogle, Osceola IN.

  Gold Bug [N68642] (clip)

Gold Bug c.1969 = 1pOhwM; VW motor; no data. [N68642].

Golden Bullet GB-1 1958 = 1pCB; 65hp Continental A-65-8; span: 19'0" length: 17'6" load: 330# v: 140/80/55 range: 150. [N9090C].


E H Replogle, no location.

REP-2 1977 = 2pClwM rg; 72hp VW; span:23'5" length: 18'0" load: 423# v: 142/124/76 range: 450; ff: 6/x/72. [N12RP]


Merle Reppert, Torrance CA.

T-Aero 1970 = 1pCmwM rg; 125hp Lycoming O-290; span: 16'6" length: 17'0" load: 250# v: 200/x/78 range: 500. T-tail, tricycle landing gear.



(Robert E) Retz Aero Shop, Farmland IN.

R-1 1930 = 1pOB; 40hp Rathel (Chevrolet conversion). Wood and fabric construction. POP: 1 [629W]. Repowered with 80hp Anzani. NOTE: While there are references found to Retz model designations up to R-10, some were only planned projects, and how many were actually built is up for contest.

R-2, -5 1930 = 1pOhwM; 40hp Rathel; span: 32'0" length: 23'0". POP: 1. Repowered with Ford Model A and a passenger seat added, apparently redesignated R-5 and sold in 1934; fate unknown. Retz built a successful mail-order business by marketing his home-builders plans in aviation magazines of the mid-1930s.

  Retz R-10 [NR157551] (Ian MacFarlane coll)

R-3, -4, -10 1934 = 1pOB; 65hp Rearwin-LeBlond; span: 18'0" v: 100/80/35 range: 200. Tapered wing, no interplane struts. POP: 1, [14508] as R-4 c/n 4. Sold in 1934, last seen in California c.1947 — this one, or R-1, might have been redesignated as R-10, which wore a 65hp Rearwin-LeBlond [NR15755].


Revolution Helicopter Corp Inc (pres: Dennis Fetters), Excelsior Springs MO. Nov 1999: Ended operations.

Mini-500 1990 = Kit-built project, composite materials. 1pCH; 67hp Rotax 582; rotor: 19'2" length: 22'6" load: 355# v: 175/115/0 ceiling: 10,000' (hover ceiling: 7,000'). POP: about 475 reported built by 1998. Plagued by structural problems and mechanical failures in the late '90s.

Revolution SEE Warner


Rex Monoplane Co, South Beach, Staten Island NY.

  Rex (Roy Nagl coll)

1912 = 1pOmwM; Blériot-type. Wing-warping control, but using an automobile steering wheel instead of levers. POP: unknown; one built for entry in the 1912 Gordon Bennet Cup race, but did not compete.

Recent evidence indicates that the Rex plane was built by E H Skinner Airplane Co at the Rex factory, and that Skinner likely was owner of the Rex Co. (— Ed Drury 10/18/04)


Cuno Rheden, Chicago IL.

  Rheden (Chicago Historical Society coll)

1922 = 1pOmwM; no data. Designed for a transatlantic record attempt, but no information on that event was found.

Rhinehart-Rose SEE Rose


1965: Charles Rhoades, Lock Haven PA, as Nelson Engine Corp on acquisition of Nelson Aircraft Corp, with Hummingbird and Nelson engine rights.

Twin Piper c.1967 = Piper J-3-65 repowered with two 48hp two-cycle Nelsons mounted outboard of the modified fiberglass nose hood on frame pylons as an experiment; v: 94 @ 4000rpm/65 @ 2000rpm/38. Empty wt: 601#; take-off run: 200'-250'; fuel consumption: 5.5 gph. Maintained altitude easily on one engine in tests, even gained some (slowly). Modification by Don Sullivan (Gettysburg PA). POP: 1 [N6411H) c/n 19591 (later reverted to Continental C-85). No further production as none was planned—strictly for engine testing.

Rhodes Berry

Rhodes Berry Co, Los Angeles CA.

Silver Sixty 1960 = Conversion of Douglas B-26B. 14pCmwM rg; two 2000hp P&W R-2800-79; span: 70'0" length: 51'3" load: 14,500# v: 405/325/95 range: 1200; ff prototype: 6/25/60 [N5510V].


James L Rice, Van Wert OH.

Special 1954 = 1pOB; 100hp Continental A-100; span: 21'0". Gull-wing biplane built up from parts of Taylorcraft, Piper Cub, Luscombe. [N64579]


(Nelson B) Rich Airplane Co, Springfield MA.

Twin 1-X-A (or 1-X-2) 1939 = 2pClwM; two 75hp Lycoming GO-145 pushers; span: 35'0" length: 22'0" load: 600# v: 135/115/34 range: 375. Tricycle gear, plywood wings; motors were mounted on wing pylons. POP: 1 [NX23001].

Richard, Richard-Judy

C H Richard Co, Lancaster CA.

125 Commuter 1969 = 2pChwM; 125hp Lycoming O-290G; span: 25'0" length: 19'9" load: 695# v: 150/140/50 range: 900. All-metal, side-by-side seating. [N1732].

150 Commuter 1972 = 2pChwM; 150hp Lycoming O-320-A2A; span: 30'0" length: 19'9" load: 490# v: 120/110/87. [N2367].

190 Sportplane 1969 = 1pCmwM; 100hp Continental O-200; span: 19'0" length: 16'6" load: 450# v: 250/x/67. [N2561]. Became Richard-Judy Special after modification in 1973 with a Lycoming O-360 and used by Louis "Bud" Judy for competition in Advanced Category.


H C Richardson, Othello WA.

1909 = 1pOB; span: 38'0" with wingtip ailerons. 34'0" upper and lower wings were bowed and joined at the tips. No flight record found.


B E Richardson, Grand Rapidw MI.

1911 = Monoplane; 25hp unknown engine; span: 28'0" length: 18'0". POP: 1. Richardson had previously built gliders.


(A S) Richardson Aeroplane Corp Inc, Lowell MA (possibly New Orleans LA later).

Hydro Aero c.1916 = 20p*OBF. Raftlike deck built on two pontoons, which could be replaced by wheels. *Claim of 20p is questionable—in a photo of the aircraft, it seems suitable for holding no more than maybe six. Was considered by the Army for service in the 1916 Mexican campaign but never used in that role.

  Richardson N-1 (Douglas Rolfe coll)

N-1 1916 = 5-6pOBF; two 90hp Curtiss OX-5 with three-bladed tractor props; v: 150. Triple floats, triple cockpits. Possible evolution from the previous.


Richmond Airways Inc, Greenridge (Staten Island) NY.

Sea Hawk 1928 = 5pOhwMFb; 160hp Curtiss C-6 pusher; span: 46'0" length: 28'0" load: 1000# v: 95/x/45. Fabric-covered wood wings, dural-covered wood hull; twin rudders. Although Richmond is credited as builder, there are indications that Cox-Klemin was involved to an unknown extent. Used chiefly for sightseeing flights.


Ric-Jet Systems Research & Development, Los Angeles CA.

Ric-Jet 4 1975 = 1pCmwM rg; Mazda RX2 liquid-cooled Wankel-type rotary engine with direct-drive up to 6000 rpm to a two-bladed tractor-mounted wood propeller behind the pilot; span: 18'0" length: 22'0" load: 230#; ff: 11/30/75. POP: 1 [N24RJ].


New York NY.

  Rickman pedal-power

1909 = A revolving umbrella-like wing mounted over, and geared to, a bicycle for propulsion. Rickman was a member of the Aeronautic Society in New York and demonstrated his helicopter at Belmont Park racetrack, Long Island. Apparently never got off the ground, but it was another interesting and visionary attempt for its time.

Rider, Keith Rider, Rider-Clark

1930: Keith Rider, San Francisco CA, on acquisition of Marchetti Co. 1930: Sold Marchetti assets to United States Aircraft Corp Ltd. c.1931: Los Angeles. 1937: Union Airplane Co, Glendale CA.

B-1 1930 = 1pOlwM; 130hp Menasco C-4. All-wood construction. Racer (p: John A Macready) [NR10216]; destroyed after an aileron separated in flight at the 1930 Nationals.

  Rider R-1 Rudy Kling and Suzy [RX51Y]

R-1 1931 = 1pOlwM rg; 200hp Menasco B-6S/C-6S; span: 21'4" length: 19'0" v: 238. Metal construction. Racer San Francisco (p: Ray Moore) [R51Y]. Burned when the gas tank exploded on the ground in 1933. Salvage was sold to Roger Don Rae, who rebuilt it as 1934 Suzy (p: Roger Don Rae, Rudy Kling), it was a money-maker until it crashed on landing in 1936.

  Rider R-2 [NX52Y] (Frank Rezich coll)
  Rider R-2 [NX52Y] with Earl Ortman

R-2 1931 = 1pO-ClwM rg; 200hp Menasco C-4; span: 17'0" length: 19'0" load: 300@ v: 210. Racer San Francisco II (p: Bob Clampett, Ray Moore) [NX52Y]. Modified as 1933-34 Bumblebee (p: George Hague, Earl Ortman) and did not reappear until the 1938 Nationals as 260hp Bushey-McGrew B7M1 Bumblebee, re-registered [NX98Y].

  Rider R-3 [NR14215] (Frank Rezich coll)

R-3 1934 = 1pClwM rg; 750hp P&W Twin Wasp; span: 25'0" length: 21'8". Thompson racer [X/NR14215], flipped on take-off, killing pilot Jim Granger. Repaired and flew in 1935 Bendix (p: Earl Ortman) unsuccessfully. Became 1936 Marcoux-Bromberg Special.

  Rider R-4 and Tony Levier [NX261Y]

R-4 1936 = 1pO-ClwM rg; 200hp Menasco B-6S; span: 18'0" length: 18'0" load: 710#. Racer for the Nationals and other competitions [NX261Y]; rebuilt as Schoenfeldt Firecracker and powered with 550hp C-6S (p: Gus Gotch, Tony Levier), 1938 Greve Trophy; then as Rider Special (p: Roger Don Rae). Crashed in landing at the 1938 Nationals (p: Levier); rebuilt for 1939 season.

  Rider R-5 [NX264Y] (Arthur Martin coll via WASM)

R-5 1936 = 1pClwM rg; 200hp Menasco B-6S; span: 21'0" length: 19'6". Racer Elmendorf Special (p: Dave Elmendorf) [NR264Y]. Sister ship of R-4; designation actually was for a proposed fighter aircraft that was never built. Became 1938 Marcoux-Bromberg Jackrabbit.

  Rider R-6 [NX96Y] (Frank Rezich coll)
  Rider R-6 [NX96Y] (Ian MacFarlane coll)

R-6 1938 = 1pClwM rg; 200hp Menasco B-6S. Greve racer Eight Ball (p: Joe Jacobson, George Byars) [NX96Y]. All-wood. Refitted with Menasco C-6S and elliptical wing in 1939, but did not race. Last of the Rider racers.

Riggs, Riggs-Weeks, Riggs-Wehr

1912: Eugene Augustus "Gus" Riggs, Terre Haute IN; 1913: add Lloyd Wehr; c.1913: add Elling O Weeks.

1912 = 1pOB pusher with two-cycle 36hp Fox 4 pusher. Wright B copy with quad gear built for a Dr Belden, sometimes noted as the Belden or Riggs-Belden. Flew, but crashed on its first flight by test pilot Piceller before either Belden or Riggs had a chance to fly it.

-Weeks 1915 = 1pOB; 80hp Hall-Scott V-8. An improved version of Riggs-Wehr with a fully-covered fuselage and two-bay wings with ailerons. SEE ALSO Weeks.

-Wehr c.1913 = 1pOB; 60 Hall-Scott V-8; span: 32'0". One of the earliest tractors in the US; partly-covered fuselage; three-bay Wright wings. Flew successfully in exhibitions until E O Weeks crashed at Fort Collins CO.


Theron G Riley (aero engr), 923-925 Mary St, Flint MI. Apr 1930: Ace Aircraft Co, Flint.

  Riley Special ... very possibly, but unverified (Eric Blocher coll)

Special 1928 = 2pClwM; 90hp LeBlond; span: 32'0" length: 20'4". Cantilever wing. Flight history unknown. [X7655] c/n 1; reg cancelled 5/21/30.


(Jack M) Riley Aeronautics Corp, Ft Lauderdale FL. 1970: Riley Turbo Sales Corp, Dallas TX. 1970: Riley Turbostream Corp, Waco TX. 1979: Riley Aircraft Corp, Carlsbad CA. 1983: Sold to Advanced Aircraft. 1953: Contract production rights to TEMCO. 198x: Riley International Corp, Carlsbad CA.

  Riley Twin Navion [N4832K] (Frank Rezich coll)
  Temco-Riley Twin Navion [N91773] (Eddie Coates coll)

55 Twin Navion 1952 = 4-5pClwM rg; two 140hp Lycoming O-290-D2A; span: 33'5" length: 27'2" load: 1050# v: 180/170/x range: 800. Twin conversion of Ryan Navion, based on prototypical Dauby X-/D-16 [N91793] (qv). Repowered with 150hp O-320 and 170hp O-340-A1A, the latter with wingtip tanks in 1955. POP: about 120 from 1953. Production rights to TEMCO as D-16A (qv) and Camair.

65, 310R 1961 = Conversion of Cessna 310 to 310C; two 240-260hp Continental O-470D/-470M. Also developed the Riley Intercooler for Cessna 210 and 337.

Jet Prop 340 1978 = Conversion of Cessna 340; two Lycoming LTP101.

Jet Prop 421 1978 = Conversion of Cessna 421; two Lycoming LTP101; ff: 1/10/78.

Rocket 1962 = Same as model 65, but two 290hp Lycoming IO-540-A1A5.

Rocket 340 1977 = Conversion of Cessna 340; two Lycoming TIO-540-R; ff: 12/x/77.

Rocket 414 1977 = Conversion of Cessna 314; two 400hp Lycoming IO-720.

Super 310 1974 = Conversion of Cessna 310/320; two 310hp Continental TSIO-520-J/-N.

Super 340 1974 = Conversion of Cessna 340; two 310hp Continental TSIO-520-J/-N.

Turbine Eagle 421 1979 = Conversion of Cessna 421C; two 750hp P&W PT6A-135; ff: 11/x/79.

Turbine P-210 1982 = Conversion of pressurized Cessna 210P Centurion. 680hp P&W-Canada PT6A; ff: 6/30/82.

Turbo-Exec 400 1963 = Conversion of DH.104 Dove; two 400hp Lycoming IO-720.

Turbo-Executive, Dove 400 1963 = Conversion of DH.104 Dove; two 562hp Turbomèca Astazou.

Turbo Skyliner 1967 = Conversion of DH.114 Heron; four 290hp Lycoming IO-540-K1C5.

Turbostream 1969 = Conversion of 310I/-310Q, two 310hp Lycoming TIO-540-A2C.


1923: (Howard) Rinehart-(B L) Whelan Co, South Field, Dayton OH.

  Rinehart-Whelan [X91M] (Eric Blocher coll)

1930 = 2pChwM; 110hp Ranger, claimed all-steel cylinder heads and 2:1 geared prop at 2200rpm; v: 120/x/40. Cut-off fuselage similar to Fairchild 24R, with twin-booms aft and twin tails; folding wings [X91M].

  Dayton-Wright KT before reconstruction (Vincent J Berinati coll)

KAT 1924 = 7pO/CB; 400hp Liberty 12A; span: 43'8" length: 29'11". A major reworking of the 4p Dayton-Wright KT (qv), renamed after the company's acquisition of inventory when General Motors discontinued its D-W operation in 1923; [1641] c/n 30989. Sold in 1925 for use in aerial photography and, later, as an air taxi around the Cleveland area. Sold again in 1927, then in 1928, where the transfer was incompete and the reg cancelled on 1/24/28.

Rambler aka Chummy c.1926 = 2pOB; 90hp Curtiss OX-5. Single side-by-side cockpit. An advertisement in Aviation shows this plane, also has reference to "Five-place Hisso-powered planes at remarkably low prices ..."

Wren 1928 = 1p unknown type; Baumann motor. [X87E].


1909: (Charles Norvin) Rinek Mfg Co, Easton PA.

Voisin 1909 = 1pOB; 30hp Rinek V-8 pusher; span: 32'9" length: 38'0". French Voisin built from components by Rinek, powered by his own motor and modified with a redesigned undercarriage, interplane curtains, and welded tubular metal wing struts replacing the original wooden ones; ff: 9/3/09 (p: Rinek) of some 100 yds. Second version was a rebuild in late 1909, powered by Rinek's 40hp V-8, and its flight on 12/22/09 (p: J E Smith) ended in a minor crash. Reportedly there were several more flights in 1910, after which Rinek retired the machine to concentrate on building motors and propellers. Restored in 1973 by Cole Palen.


(Russell) Riter Engineering Corp, Deerfield IL.

Special 1961 = 1pClwM; 100hp Continental O-200A; span: 20'5" length: 20'0" load: 325# v: 184/140/65 range: 650. [N1017Z].


Riverside CA.

Penguin 1917 = 1pOB; 40hp Ford A; span: 30'0" length: 16'0" v: 45. Flightless ground trainer styled after the WW1 Blériot "Penguin" machines. The propeller was purposely too small to support flight. However, after some persistent students managed to somehow become marginally airborne, the wings were trimmed to 10'0".

"The most dangerous thing about flying for a living is the risk of starving to death." — Dick Depew